Labor epidurals and outcome

Robert R. Gaiser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


The use of epidural analgesia for labor continues to increase dramatically. It has been suggested that epidural analgesia increases the risk of cesarean section, operative vaginal delivery, and prolonged labor. These issues have been extensively investigated. The use of epidural analgesia does not increase the risk of cesarean section. It may affect the incidence of forceps delivery, but it depends on the medications used. Epidural analgesia does prolong labor, although the clinical significance of this prolongation has not been shown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalBest Practice and Research in Clinical Anaesthesiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2005


  • Cesarean delivery
  • Epidural analgesia
  • Forceps delivery
  • Labor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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