Laboratory and clinical evaluation of assays for β-hydroxybutyrate

William H. Porter, H. Harry Yao, Dennis G. Karounos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


We have performed a two-part evaluation of assays for β-hydroxy- butyrate (βHB). In Part I, we evaluated the analytical acceptability of a dry film, self-contained analyzer for βHB measurement (KetoSite; GDS Diagnostics, Elkhart, Ind). The assay response is linear and between-day imprecision is acceptable. Acetoacetate (AcAc) interferes severely with this assay. This interference could be minimized by dilution of serum before the assay. With this predilution protocol, KetoSite βHB results compare favorably with an automated Sigma (St. Louis, Mo) βHB assay. In Part II, we compared the clinical utility of βHB measurements (Sigma) with the qualitative measurement of ketones using the nitroprusside test (Acetest; Bayer, Elkhart, Ind) for the diagnosis and management of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Test results for both assays were abnormal for all patients with DKA on admission. However, frequent monitoring with either test during the management of uncomplicated DKA added little if any additional clinical information over routine measurements of serum glucose and total carbon dioxide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-358
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Pathology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1997


  • Acetoacetate
  • Assay evaluation
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Interference
  • β- hydroxybutyrate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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