Lack of a direct role for macrosialin in oxidized LDL metabolism

Maria C. De Beer, Zhenze Zhao, Nancy R. Webb, Deneys R. Van der Westhuyzen, Willem J.S. De Villiers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Murine macrosialin (MS), a scavenger receptor family member, is a heavily glycosylated transmembrane protein expressed predominantly in macrophage late endosomes. MS is also found on the cell surface where it is suggested, on the basis of ligand blotting, to bind oxidized LDL (oxLDL). Here we report on the regulation of MS by an atherogenic high-fat diet and oxLDL, and on the inability of MS in transfected cells to bind oxLDL. MS expression was markedly increased in the livers of atherosclerosis-susceptible C57BL/6 and atherosclerosis-resistant C3H/HeJ mice fed an atherogenic high-fat diet. In resident-mouse peritoneal macrophages, treatment with oxLDL upregulated MS mRNA and protein expression 1.5- to 3-fold. MS, overexpressed in COS-7 cells through adenovirus mediated gene transfer, bound oxLDL by ligand blotting. However, no binding of oxLDL to MS was observed in intact transfected COS-7 and Chinese hamster ovary cells, despite significant cell surface expression of MS. Furthermore, inhibition of MS through gene silencing did not affect the binding of oxLDL to macrophages. We conclude that although MS expression in macrophages and Kupffer cells is responsive to a proatherogenic inflammatory diet and to oxLDL, MS does not function as an oxLDL receptor on the cell surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)674-685
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2003

Keywords

  • Adenovirus
  • CD36
  • Scavenger receptor
  • Scavenger receptor class B

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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