Laminar calcite aggregate formation in the light fly ash fraction

Bruno Valentim, James C. Hower, Deolinda Flores, Alexandra Guedes

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The fly ash collected from the Economizer of a Portuguese power plant was characterized using different techniques. Two subsamples were obtained using the density separation method (1 g/cm3 distilled water; 22° C; 10 minutes of mechanical agitation; 24 h settling; vacuum filtration through a 1.2-μm membrane filter; oven drying at 80° C), but in the end around 2% of the sample was lost. Since carefully work was performed in order to save as much fine size fly ash as possible, this was considered an important and unexpected loss of particulate material. However, an explanation to this lost of sample may not be the loss of fine particulate but the dissolution of more easily mobilized elements such as calcium. In fact during this process, a thin inorganic coat floating on the top the light fraction was formed, and this layer was the target of a SEM/EDX study for components identification and chemical composition. The SEM results revealed a layer composed by rhombohedral microcrystals, and the EDX analysis a chemical composition made of calcium, carbon and oxygen which indicates that these layers are composed of calcite. Final remarks - some calcium carbonate precipitated in the light fraction as a layer composed of micro-calcite, and eventually the remaining dissolute material was lost after the filtration process contributing to the ≈2% lost of initial sample.

Original languageEnglish
StatePublished - 2009
Event3rd World of Coal Ash, WOCA Conference - Lexington, KY, United States
Duration: May 4 2009May 7 2009


Conference3rd World of Coal Ash, WOCA Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLexington, KY


  • Calcite
  • Density separation
  • Economizer
  • Fly ash

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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