Language ideology and racial inequality: Competing functions of Spanish in an Anglo-owned Mexican restaurant

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100 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article examines the influence of language ideology on interactions between English-speaking Anglo and monolingual Spanish-speaking employees in an Anglo-owned Mexican restaurant in Texas. In directives to Spanishspeaking employees, Anglo managers typically use English with elements of Mock Spanish. Because the Anglo managers fail to question whether their limited use of Spanish is sufficient for communicative success, Spanish speakers are almost always held responsible for incidents resulting from miscommunication. For Latino workers, Spanish provides an alternative linguistic market in which Spanish operates as a form of solidarity and resistance. The competing functions of Spanish serve to reinforce racial segregation and inequality in the workplace

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-204
Number of pages42
JournalLanguage in Society
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006

Keywords

  • English/Spanish bilingualism
  • Latinos
  • Miscommunication
  • Mock Spanish
  • Resistance
  • Segregation
  • Workplace

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Linguistics and Language

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