BACKGROUND: The number of laparoscopic pancreatic resections reported in the surgical literature has been remarkably low. Few substantive data are available concerning current indications and outcomes after laparoscopic pancreatectomy. The purpose of this article is to review the recent indications, complications, and outcomes after laparoscopic pancreatic resection. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of the Mount Sinai hospital records was performed for all patients who underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy or enucleation between the time of the first resection in November 1993 until the time of this study in March 2000. RESULTS: In the 19 patients (6 men) the mean age was 53 years (range 22 to 83 years). In 16 patients (84%) the entire procedure was done by laparoscopy; one operation was converted to a hand-assisted technique; and two cases were converted to open. Median operating time was 4.4 hours (range 1.6 to 6.6 hours), and median intraoperative blood loss was 200 mL. Postoperative complications included three pancreatic leaks (16%), one case of superficial phlebitis, and one prolonged ileus for 7 days (total morbidity of 26%). There were no deaths. The median length of postoperative hospital stay was 6 days (range 1 to 26 days). CONCLUSIONS: This represents the largest single-institution experience with laparoscopic pancreatic resection. The considerable morbidity rate is comparable to recently published open series, and is likely inherent in pancreatic surgery, rather than the technical approach. Laparoscopic pancreatic surgery resulted in shorter hospital stays and appears to be safe for benign diseases.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of the American College of Surgeons|
|State||Published - 2001|
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