Laryngeal muscle response to neuromuscular diseases and specific pathologies

J. C. Stemple, L. Fry, R. D. Andreatta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Musculature of the craniofacial region represents a diverse group of skeletal muscles responsible for processes underlying respiration, deglutition, speech production, vision, hearing, and the display of emotions. Together, these muscles demonstrate a remarkable degree of anatomical specialization that permits their successful engagement in behavioral functions. Because the functional demands placed upon craniofacial muscles differ substantially from those imposed upon other skeletal muscles, the craniofacial muscles show marked anatomical, physiological, and biological deviations from typical limb skeletal muscles. The uniqueness of the craniofacial muscle phenotype has led to their being described by some as paradoxical members of the skeletal muscle group (Noden and Francis-West 2006).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCraniofacial Muscles
Subtitle of host publicationA New Framework for Understanding the Effector Side of Craniofacial Muscle Control
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9781461444664
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. All rights are reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (all)


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