Musculature of the craniofacial region represents a diverse group of skeletal muscles responsible for processes underlying respiration, deglutition, speech production, vision, hearing, and the display of emotions. Together, these muscles demonstrate a remarkable degree of anatomical specialization that permits their successful engagement in behavioral functions. Because the functional demands placed upon craniofacial muscles differ substantially from those imposed upon other skeletal muscles, the craniofacial muscles show marked anatomical, physiological, and biological deviations from typical limb skeletal muscles. The uniqueness of the craniofacial muscle phenotype has led to their being described by some as paradoxical members of the skeletal muscle group (Noden and Francis-West 2006).
|Title of host publication||Craniofacial Muscles|
|Subtitle of host publication||A New Framework for Understanding the Effector Side of Craniofacial Muscle Control|
|Number of pages||19|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2013|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (all)