Laser-enhanced metal transfer - Part II: Analysis and influence factors

Y. Huang, Y. M. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Experiments were previously done to demonstrate that applying a relatively low-power laser to the liquid droplet could produce free flight transfers with welding currents below the transition one. In this paper, the effects of the laser intensity and are voltage on metal transfer process in laser-enhanced GMAW were discussed and analyzed. The enhancement of the laser was found to increase as the laser intensity increased. The larger laser intensity tended to help reduce the size of the droplet detached. The are voltage affected the metal transfer process through changing the current and changing the gap and possible time interval of the droplet development. A larger are voltage helped reduce the size of the droplet detached through an increased electromagnetic force. It also tended to provide a longer time to grow the droplet. In both cases, the chance for short-circuiting or repelled drop globular was reduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205s-210s
JournalWelding Journal (Miami, Fla)
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2011


  • Are length
  • Drop globular
  • Drop spray
  • GMAW
  • Laser
  • Metal transfer
  • Short circuiting
  • Welding current

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys


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