Late embryogenesis abundant protein–client protein interactions

Lynnette M.A. Dirk, Caser Ghaafar Abdel, Imran Ahmad, Izabel Costa Silva Neta, Cristiane Carvalho Pereira, Francisco Elder Carlos Bezerra Pereira, Sandra Helena Unêda-Trevisoli, Daniel Guariz Pinheiro, Allan Bruce Downie

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The intrinsically disordered proteins belonging to the LATE EMBRYOGENESIS ABUNDANT protein (LEAP) family have been ascribed a protective function over an array of intracellular components. We focus on how LEAPs may protect a stress-susceptible proteome. These examples include instances of LEAPs providing a shield molecule function, possibly by instigating liquid-liquid phase separations. Some LEAPs bind directly to their client proteins, exerting a holdase-type chaperonin function. Finally, instances of LEAP–client protein interactions have been documented, where the LEAP modulates (interferes with) the function of the client protein, acting as a surreptitious rheostat of cellular homeostasis. From the examples identified to date, it is apparent that client protein modulation also serves to mitigate stress. While some LEAPs can physically bind and protect client proteins, some apparently bind to assist the degradation of the client proteins with which they associate. Documented instances of LEAP–client protein binding, even in the absence of stress, brings to the fore the necessity of identifying how the LEAPs are degraded post-stress to render them innocuous, a first step in understanding how the cell regulates their abundance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number814
Pages (from-to)1-35
Number of pages35
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Desiccation
  • Late embryogenesis abundant
  • Natural protection and repair mechanism
  • Protein interaction
  • Seed
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science


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