Latent profiles of health and reproductive risk and protective factors among women in Appalachia

Braden K. Linn, Gretchen E. Ely, Michele Staton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Women who use opiates and are involved in the criminal justice system in Appalachia may be prone to adverse health outcomes. In this study, we performed a latent class analysis of risk and protective factors on 400 drug-using women recruited from rural, Appalachian jails. A two-profile solution best fit the data. Both profiles evinced low levels of condom use, reproductive and physical health screens, and STD history. However, the primary substantive difference between the profiles was partner risk behavior: the higher risk class had main male partners with histories of injection drug use and incarceration. Results suggest that interventions need to be tailored to unique profiles of risk and protective factors, which should include taking partner risk into consideration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-167
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, © 2020 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • Appalachia
  • criminal justice system
  • latent class analysis
  • partner risk
  • risk profiles
  • substance use
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Rehabilitation


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