Lead exposure in low and middle-income countries: Perspectives and lessons on patterns, injustices, economics, and politics

Katarzyna Kordas, Julia Ravenscroft, Ying Cao, Elena V. McLean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lead exposure is a legacy issue that continues to affect vulnerable population groups globally, but particularly in low and middle-income countries (LMICS). We take a multi-disciplinary approach to examine the patterns of lead exposure in these countries, discuss the underlying injustices and socio-political causes, and the economic costs that are associated with exposure. We conclude with some lessons we drew from our discussion of lead across the disciplines and advocate for a number of approaches to solving this ongoing issue. These include (i) biomonitoring that could be integrated into existing health surveys or public health programs targeting young children; (ii) greater civic engagement to push for solutions; and, (iii) environmental control policies that represent a continuum of local, context-specific to broad, national-level, and even global approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2351
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Economic burden
  • Environmental injustice
  • Lead
  • Low and middle-income country (LMIC)
  • Politics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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