Left ventricular structure and systolic function in African Americans: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study

Vuyisile T. Nkomo, Donna K. Arnett, Emelia J. Benjamin, Philip R. Liebson, Richard G. Hutchinson, Thomas N. Skelton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objectives: To estimate prevalence of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and its relation to systolic function in a population-based sample of African Americans. Design: A baseline 2D guided M-mode echocardiogram was conducted as part of a longitudinal cohort study to assess prevalence and cross-sectional relationships between echocardiographic and clinical parameters. Setting: Data were collected as part of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study. Participants: Analysis is limited to 1543 African Americans, aged 51-70 years, without clinically apparent cardiovascular or echocardiographically determined valvular disease. Main Outcome Measures: LV hypertrophy prevalence was defined as LV mass/height2.7≥51 g/m2.7 LV systolic chamber function was assessed at the midwall using the ratio of observed midwall fractional shortening (MWS%) to the value predicted from circumferential end-systolic stress. Results: The prevalence of LV hypertrophy was 33% in men, 38% in women. The prevalence of concentric hypertrophy (LV hypertrophy with relative wall thickness ≥0.45) was greater than that of eccentric hypertrophy (men: 24% vs 9%; women: 27% vs 11% women). Observed/predicted (O/P) MWS% was strongly and inversely related to LV mass/height2.7 (P<.001) and LV hypertrophy (P<001). The O/P MWS% was inversely related to LV mass/height2.7 quartile: O/P MWS% was 106% and 99% in the first and 97% and 89% in the fourth quartile of LV mass/height2.7 for men and women, respectively. Adjusting for age, adiposity, diabetes, blood pressure, antihypertensive medication use, and smoking did not remove association between O/P MWS% and LV mass/height2.7. Conclusions: LV hypertrophy was highly prevalent in this population-based middle-aged sample of African Americans and was associated with poorer LV systolic chamber function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-488
Number of pages6
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 2004


  • African Americans
  • Cohort Studies
  • Echocardiography
  • Left ventricular mass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology


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