Lettuce necrotic yellows cytorhabdovirus protein localization and interaction map, and comparison with nucleorhabdoviruses

Kathleen M. Martin, Ralf G. Dietzgen, Renyuan Wang, Michael M. Goodin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Lettuce necrotic yellows virus (LNYV), Sonchus yellow net virus (SYNV) and Potato yellow dwarf virus (PYDV) are members of the family Rhabdoviridae that infect plants. LNYV is a cytorhabdovirus that replicates in the cytoplasm, while SYNV and PYDV are nucleorhabdoviruses that replicate in the nuclei of infected cells. LNYV and SYNV share a similar genome organization with a gene order of nucleoprotein (N), phosphoprotein (P), putative movement protein (Mv), matrix protein (M), glycoprotein (G) and polymerase (L). PYDV contains an additional predicted gene of unknown function located between N and P. In order to gain insight into the associations of viral structural and non-structural proteins and the mechanisms by which they may function, we constructed protein localization and interaction maps. Subcellular localization was determined by transiently expressing the viral proteins fused to green or red fluorescent protein in leaf epidermal cells of Nicotiana benthamiana. Protein interactions were tested in planta by using bimolecular fluorescence complementation. All three viruses showed Mv to be localized at the cell periphery and the G protein to be membrane associated. Comparing the interaction maps revealed that only the N-P and M-M interactions are common to all three viruses. Associations unique to only one virus include P-M for LNYV, G-Mv for SYNV and M-Mv, M-G and N-M for PYDV. The cognate N-P proteins of all three viruses interacted and exhibited characteristic changes in localization when co-expressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)906-914
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of General Virology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology


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