Limbic-Predominant Age-Related TDP-43 Encephalopathy: Medical and Pathologic Factors Associated With Comorbid Hippocampal Sclerosis

Kathryn M. Gauthreaux, Merilee A. Teylan, Yuriko Katsumata, Charles Mock, Jessica E. Culhane, Yen Chi Chen, Kwun C.G. Chan, David W. Fardo, Adam J. Dugan, Matthew D. Cykowski, Gregory A. Jicha, Walter A. Kukull, Peter T. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and ObjectivesLimbic-predominant age-related Tar DNA binding protein 43 (TDP-43) encephalopathy neuropathologic change (LATE-NC) is present in ≈25% of older persons' brains and is strongly associated with cognitive impairment. Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) pathology is often comorbid with LATE-NC, but the clinical and pathologic correlates of HS in LATE-NC are not well understood.MethodsThis retrospective autopsy cohort study used data derived from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center Neuropathology Data Set, which included neurologic status, medical histories, and neuropathologic results. All autopsies were performed in 2014 or later. Among participants with LATE-NC, those who also had HS pathology were compared with those without HS with regard to candidate risk factors or common underlying diseases. Statistical significance was set at nominal p < 0.05 in this exploratory study.ResultsA total of 408 participants were included (n = 221 were LATE-NC+/HS-, n = 145 were LATE-NC+/HS+, and n = 42 were LATE-NC-/HS+). Most of the included LATE-NC+ participants were severely impaired cognitively (83.3% with dementia). Compared to HS- participants, LATE-NC+ participants with HS trended toward having worse cognitive status and scored lower on the Personal Care and Orientation domains (both p = 0.03). Among LATE-NC+ participants with Braak neurofibrillary tangle (NFT) stages 0 to IV (n = 88), HS+ participants were more impaired in the Memory and Orientation domains (both p = 0.02). There were no differences (HS+ compared with HS-) in the proportion with clinical histories of seizures, stroke, cardiac bypass procedures, diabetes, or hypertension. The HS+ group lacking TDP-43 proteinopathy (n = 42) was relatively likely to have had strokes (p = 0.03). When LATE-NC+ participants with or without HS were compared, there were no differences in Alzheimer disease neuropathologies (Thal β-amyloid phases or Braak NFT stages) or Lewy body pathologies. However, the HS+ group was less likely to have amygdala-restricted TDP-43 proteinopathy (LATE-NC stage 1) and more likely to have neocortical TDP-43 proteinopathy (LATE-NC stage 3) (p < 0.001). LATE-NC+ brains with HS also tended to have more severe circle of Willis atherosclerosis and arteriolosclerosis pathologies.DiscussionIn this cohort skewed toward participants with severe dementia, LATE-NC+ HS pathology was not associated with seizures or with Alzheimer-type pathologies. Rather, the presence of comorbid HS pathology was associated with more widespread TDP-43 proteinopathy and with more severe non-β-amyloid vessel wall pathologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E1422-E1433
JournalNeurology
Volume98
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 5 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The NACC database is funded by National Institute on Aging/NIH grant U01 AG016976. NACC data are contributed by the National Institute on Aging–funded ADRCs: P30 AG019610 (principal investigator [PI] Eric Reiman, MD), P30 AG013846 (PI Neil Kowall, MD), P50 AG008702 (PI Scott Small, MD), P50 AG025688 (PI Allan Levey, MD, PhD), P50 AG047266 (PI Todd Golde, MD, PhD), P30 AG010133 (PI Andrew Saykin, PsyD), P50 AG005146 (PI Marilyn Albert, PhD), P50 AG005134 (PI Bradley Hyman, MD, PhD), P50 AG016574 (PI Ronald Petersen, MD, PhD), P50 AG005138 (PI Mary Sano, PhD), P30 AG008051 (PI Thomas Wisniewski, MD), P30 AG013854 (PI Robert Vassar, PhD), P30 AG008017 (PI Jeffrey Kaye, MD), P30 AG010161 (PI David Bennett, MD), P50 AG047366 (PI Victor Henderson, MD, MS), P30 AG010129 (PI Charles DeCarli, MD), P50 AG016573 (PI Frank LaFerla, PhD), P50 AG005131 (PI James Brewer, MD, PhD), P50 AG023501 (PI Bruce Miller, MD), P30 AG035982 (PI Russell Swerdlow, MD), P30 AG028383 (PI Linda Van Eldik, PhD), P30 AG053760 (PI Henry Paulson, MD, PhD), P30 AG010124 (PI John Trojanowski, MD, PhD), P50 AG005133 (PI Oscar Lopez, MD), P50 AG005142 (PI Helena Chui, MD), P30 AG012300 (PI Roger Rosenberg, MD), P30 AG049638 (PI Suzanne Craft, PhD), P50 AG005136 (PI Thomas Grabowski, MD), P50 AG033514 (PI Sanjay Asthana, MD, FRCP), P50 AG005681 (PI John Morris, MD), and P50 AG047270 (PI Stephen Strittmatter, MD, PhD). Dr. Nelson is supported by R01 AG061111, RF1 NS118584, R01AG057187, R01AG054060, and UK-ADC P30AG028383 from the National Institute on Aging.

Funding Information:
The NACC database is funded by National Institute on Aging/NIH grant U01 AG016976. NACC data are contributed by the National Institute on Aging-funded ADRCs: P30 AG019610 (principal investigator [PI] Eric Reiman, MD), P30 AG013846 (PI Neil Kowall, MD), P50 AG008702 (PI Scott Small, MD), P50 AG025688 (PI Allan Levey, MD, PhD), P50 AG047266 (PI Todd Golde, MD, PhD), P30 AG010133 (PI Andrew Saykin, PsyD), P50 AG005146 (PI Marilyn Albert, PhD), P50 AG005134 (PI Bradley Hyman, MD, PhD), P50 AG016574 (PI Ronald Petersen, MD, PhD), P50 AG005138 (PI Mary Sano, PhD), P30 AG008051 (PI Thomas Wisniewski, MD), P30 AG013854 (PI Robert Vassar, PhD), P30 AG008017 (PI Jeffrey Kaye, MD), P30 AG010161 (PI David Bennett, MD), P50 AG047366 (PI Victor Henderson, MD, MS), P30 AG010129 (PI Charles DeCarli, MD), P50 AG016573 (PI Frank LaFerla, PhD), P50 AG005131 (PI James Brewer, MD, PhD), P50 AG023501 (PI Bruce Miller, MD), P30 AG035982 (PI Russell Swerdlow, MD), P30 AG028383 (PI Linda Van Eldik, PhD), P30 AG053760 (PI Henry Paulson, MD, PhD), P30 AG010124 (PI John Trojanowski, MD, PhD), P50 AG005133 (PI Oscar Lopez, MD), P50 AG005142 (PI Helena Chui, MD), P30 AG012300 (PI Roger Rosenberg, MD), P30 AG049638 (PI Suzanne Craft, PhD), P50 AG005136 (PI Thomas Grabowski, MD), P50 AG033514 (PI Sanjay Asthana, MD, FRCP), P50 AG005681 (PI John Morris, MD), and P50 AG047270 (PI Stephen Strittmatter, MD, PhD). Dr. Nelson is supported by R01 AG061111, RF1 NS118584, R01AG057187, R01AG054060, and UK-ADC P30AG028383 from the National Institute on Aging

Publisher Copyright:
© American Academy of Neurology.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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