Linear and nonlinear spectroscopy of a porphyrin-squaraine-porphyrin conjugated system

Scott Webster, Susan A. Odom, Lazaro A. Padilha, Olga V. Przhonska, Davorin Peceli, Honghua Hu, Gero Nootz, Alexei D. Kachkovski, Jonathan Matichak, Stephen Barlow, Harry L. Anderson, Seth R. Marder, David J. Hagan, Eric W. Van Stryland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


The linear and nonlinear absorption properties of a squaraine-bridged porphyrin dimer (POR-SQU-POR) are investigated using femto-, pico-, and nanosecond pulses to understand intramolecular processes, obtain molecular optical parameters, and perform modeling of the excited-state dynamics. The optical behavior of POR-SQU-POR is compared with its separate porphyrin and squaraine constituent moieties. Linear spectroscopic studies include absorption, fluorescence, excitation and emission anisotropy, and quantum yield measurements. Nonlinear spectroscopic studies are performed across a wide range (∼150 fs, ∼25 ps, and ∼5 ns) of pulsewidths and include two-photon absorption (2PA), single and double pump-probe, and Z-scan measurements with detailed analysis of excited-state absorption induced by both one-and two-photon absorption processes. The 2PA from the constituent moieties shows relatively small 2PA cross sections; below 10 GM (1 GM ) 1 × 10-50 cm 4 s/photon) for the porphyrin constituent and below 100 GM for the squaraine constituent except near their one-photon resonances. In stark contrast, the composite POR-SQU-POR molecule shows 2PA cross sections greater than 103 GM over most of the spectral range from 850 to 1600 nm (the minimum value being 780 GM at 1600 nm). The maximum value is ∼11 000 GM near the Nd:YAG laser wavelength of 1064 nm. This broad spectral range of large 2PA cross sections is unprecedented in any other molecular system and can be explained by intramolecular charge transfer. A theoretical quantum-chemical analysis in combination with different experimental techniques allows insight into the energy-level structure and origin of the nonlinear absorption behavior of POR-SQU-POR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14854-14867
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number45
StatePublished - Dec 11 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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