Linkage between direct marketing and farm income: A double-hurdle approach

Joshua D. Detre, Tyler B. Mark, Ashok K. Mishra, Arun Adhikari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


This study identifies factors affecting the adoption of a direct marketing strategy (DMS) by farmers and its impact on the gross sales of farm operations in the United States. The authors use a double-hurdle model and the 2002 Agricultural Resource Management Survey to evaluate empirically the adoption of a DMS and its impact on gross sales of farm operations managed by American farmers. Results suggest that production of organic crops and the regional location of the farm positively affect adoption of a DMS. Adoption of DMS, however, has a negative relation to large farms, farms with production contracts, and farms specializing in cash grains. Farms adopting a DMS are typically those with organic crops and those located in regions with access to a large metropolitan customer base. Our results show that farmers who have adopted a DMS continue to capture a larger proportion of the consumers' dollar increase gross sales than those who have not adopted a DMS. [EconLit citations: Q120; Q130; Q140].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-33
Number of pages15
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Economics and Econometrics


Dive into the research topics of 'Linkage between direct marketing and farm income: A double-hurdle approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this