High plasma levels of linoleic acid (18:2) may injure endothelial cells, resulting in decreased barrier function of the vascular endothelium. The effects of linoleic acid on endothelial barrier function (transendothelial movement of albumin), membrane‐bound enzyme activities, and possible autooxidation of linoleic acid under experimental conditions were studied. The exposure of endothelial monolayers to 18:2 for 24 hr at 60, 90, and 120 μM. fatty acid concentrations caused a significant increase in transendothelial movement of albumin, with maximum albumin transfer at 90 μM. Fatty acid treatment resulted in the increased appearance of cytosolic lipid droplets. Activities of the membrane‐bound enzymes, angiotensin‐converting enzyme (ACE), and Ca2+‐ATPase increased steadily with increasing time of cell exposure to 90 μM 18:2, reaching significance at 24 hr. Treatment of endothelial cultures with up to 120 μM 18:2 did not cause cytotoxicity, as evidenced by a nonsignificant change in cellular release of [3H]‐adenine. Incubation of 18:2‐supplemented serum‐containing culture media with 1000 μM 18:2 at 37°C for up to 48 hr did not result in formation of autooxidation products. These results suggest that 18:2 itself, and not its oxidation products, plays a major role in disrupting endothelial barrier function.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biochemical Toxicology|
|State||Published - 1991|
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