Lipid oxidation-induced oxidation in emu and ostrich myoglobins

M. N. Nair, S. P. Suman, S. Li, P. Joseph, C. M. Beach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Emu and ostrich are ratites gaining increasing popularity as sources of low-fat meats. Secondary products of lipid oxidation, such as 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE), compromise myoglobin redox stability in a species-specific manner. However, the molecular basis of lipid oxidation-induced oxidation in ratite myoglobins has not been investigated. Therefore, our objective was to characterize lipid oxidation-induced oxidation in ratite myoglobins, in comparison with beef myoglobin. At physiological condition (pH. 7.4, 37. °C) HNE accelerated (P<. 0.05) oxidation of emu, ostrich, and beef oxymyoglobins. Autoxidation and HNE-induced oxidation were greater (P<. 0.05) in ostrich oxymyoglobin than in emu and beef oxymyoglobins. Mass spectrometric analyses revealed that HNE formed mono-adduct with both emu and ostrich myoglobins after 6. h of incubation. Tandem mass spectrometry demonstrated that HNE adducted histidine 36 in ostrich myoglobin, whereas histidines 34 and 36 were adducted in emu myoglobin. The results indicate that primary structure of ratite myoglobins influences their redox stability in the presence of prooxidants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)984-993
Number of pages10
JournalMeat Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by funds from the Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Kentucky . Mass spectrometric analysis was performed at the University of Kentucky's Proteomics Core Facility, supported in part by funds from the Office of the Vice President for Research .


  • Lipid oxidation
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Myoglobin
  • Ratite
  • Redox stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science


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