Lipid peroxidation and endothelial cell injury: implications in atherosclerosis

Bernhard Hennig, Ching K. Chow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

332 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vascular endothelial cells, which play an active role in the physiological processes of vessel tone regulation and vascular permeability, form a border separating deeper layers of blood vessel wall and cellular interstitial space from the blood and circulating cells. Damage or dysfunction of endothelial cells may reduce the effectiveness of the endothelium to act as a selectively barrier to plasma components, including cholesterol-rich lipoprotein remnants. This may be involved in the etiology of atherosclerosis. Experimental evidence indicates that free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation can induce endothelial cell injury/dysfunction. Reactive oxygen species, including peroxidized lipids capable of initiating cell injury, may be generated within endothelial cells, be present in plasma components, or be derived from neutrophils or other blood-borne cells. Lipid peroxidation could initiate or promote the process of atherosclerotic lesion formation by directly damaging endothelial cells, and by enhancing the adhesion and activation of neutrophils and the susceptibility of platelets to aggregate. Endothelial cell injury by lipid hydroperoxides also could increase the uptake of LDL into the vessel wall. These events and other cellular dysfunctions may individually or collectively initiate and/or help to sustain the development of atherosclerosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-106
Number of pages8
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1988

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Endothelial cell
  • Injury
  • Lipid peroxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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