Background: Biliary cysts (BC) is a rare indication for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Methods: We queried the UNOS dataset to identify patients who underwent OLT for Caroli's disease (CD) and choledochal cysts (CC). All patients with BC (CD + CC) were compared to a cohort of patients transplanted for other indications. Patients with CC were also compared to those with CD. Cox proportional hazard model was performed to assess predictors of graft and patient survival. Results: 261 patients underwent OLT for BC. Patients with BC had better pre-operative liver function compared to those transplanted for other indications. 5-year graft and patient survival were 72% and 81%, respectively, similar to those transplanted for other indications after matching. Patients with CC were younger and had increased preoperative cholestasis compared to those with CD. Donor age, race, and gender were predictors of poor graft and patient survival in patients transplanted for CC. Conclusions: Patients with BC have similar outcomes to those transplanted for other indications and more frequently require MELD score exception. In patients transplanted for choledochal cysts, female gender, donor age, and African-American race were independent predictors of poor survival. Pediatric patients transplanted for Caroli's disease had better survival compared to adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)954-961
Number of pages8
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association Inc.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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