Long-term quadriceps femoris functional deficits following intramedullary nailing of isolated tibial fractures

J. Nyland, D. P. Bealle, H. Kaufer, D. L. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


This retrospective study assessed 5 male and 5 female patients, age 35.1 ± 16 years, height 171.8 ± 12 cm, and weight 75.5 ± 18 kg (mean ± SD) who were more than 1 year post isolated tibial fracture (18 ± 6 months) and had been treated with an intramedullary tibial nail. Subjects completed a 12-question visual analog scale, a physical symptom and activity of daily living survey, and were also tested for bilateral isokinetic (60°/s) quadriceps femoris and hamstring strength. Knee pain during activity, stiffness, swelling, and buckling were the primary symptomatic complaints. Perceived functional task deficits were greatest for climbing or descending stairs, pivoting, squatting, and walking on uneven surfaces. Involved lower extremity knee extensor and flexor torque production deficits were 25% and 17%, respectively. Early rehabilitation focuses on maintaining adequate operative site bony fixation while providing controlled, progressive, and regular biomechanical loading to restore functionally competent tissue. Following adequate fracture healing, greater emphasis should be placed on lower extremity functional recovery including commonly performed activities of daily living and other functional tasks that are relevant to the patient's disability level. A cyclic rehabilitation program that progresses the weight-bearing environment to facilitate bone and soft tissue healing and neuromuscular re-education is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)342-346
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Orthopaedics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Long-term quadriceps femoris functional deficits following intramedullary nailing of isolated tibial fractures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this