Longitudinal association between adiposity and inter-arm blood pressure difference

Francisco J. Muñoz-Torres, Oelisoa M. Andriankaja, José I. Ruiz, Kaumudi J. Joshipura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This is the first longitudinal study evaluating whether adiposity is associated with inter-arm blood pressure difference. We evaluated 714 overweight/obese individuals aged 40-65 years over a 3-year follow-up. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were measured in both arms simultaneously using an automated machine. Linear regression assessed the associations of body mass index, fat %, waist, neck, thigh, and arm circumferences (cm), with absolute inter-arm differences in systolic (IAS) and diastolic (IAD) blood pressure (mm Hg). Poisson regression was used for binary outcomes (IAS and IAD ≥ 10 mm Hg). All models were adjusted for age, gender, smoking, physical activity, and HOMA-IR. Adiposity measures were associated with increased IAS and IAD (β range: 0.09-0.20 and 0.09-0.30). Neck circumference showed the strongest association with IAS (β = 0.20, 95% CI: 0.03, 0.37) and IAD (β = 0.30, 95% CI: 0.12, 0.47); arm circumference showed a similar association with IAS, but lower with IAD. Highest quartiles of BMI, thigh, and arm showed significant associations with IAS (IRR: 2.21, 2.46 and 2.70). Highest quartiles of BMI, waist, neck, and arm circumferences were significantly associated with IAD (IRR: 2.38, 2.68, 4.50 and 2.24). If the associations are corroborated in other populations, adiposity may be an important modifiable risk factor for inter-arm blood pressure difference with a large potential public health impact.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1519-1526
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Hypertension
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
©2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


  • adiposity
  • cardiovascular morbidity and mortality
  • inter-arm blood pressure difference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Longitudinal association between adiposity and inter-arm blood pressure difference'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this