Longitudinal response to restrictions on menthol cigarettes among young adult US menthol smokers, 2011-2016

Shyanika W. Rose, Ollie Ganz, Yitong Zhou, Brittany E. Carnegie, Andrea C. Villanti, Jessica Rath, Elizabeth C. Hair

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Objectives. To examine responses to hypothetical restrictions on menthol cigarettes among young adult menthol smokers in the United States. Methods. We surveyed Truth Initiative Young Adult Cohort respondents 18 to 34 years of age every 6 months from December 2011 through October 2016. Menthol cigarette smokers (n = 806, n = 1963 observations) indicated their response if menthol cigarettes were unavailable. Weighted analyses accounting for repeated measures were used to estimate the prevalence and correlates of responses and trends over time. Results. Overall, 23.5% of young adult menthol smokers said they would quit if menthol cigarettes were unavailable, with this response largely unchanged between 2011 and 2016. There was a significant increase in the switch to another tobacco product response (from 7.4% to 13.2%; P = .01) associated with current noncigarette use. In adjusted analyses, African Americans, women, those with less than a high school education, and those with any quit intention were more likely to say they would quit smoking. Conclusions. Increased intentions to switch products suggest the acceptability and availability of alternatives to menthol cigarette smokers. Menthol cigarette restrictions benefit vulnerable groups and those interested in quitting, but the availability of menthol in noncigarette products could limit benefits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1400-1403
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Public Health Association Inc.. All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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