Longitudinal transactions between negative urgency and fasting predict binge eating

Heather A. Davis, Zoe R. Smith, Gregory T. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Fasting and negative urgency (the disposition to act rashly when distressed) are risk factors for binge eating. It may be that each influences the other over time to predict binge eating. Objective: This study tested whether (1) fasting predicts binge eating through negative urgency, and (2) negative urgency predicts binge eating through fasting. Method: Path analysis and mediation tests were used to investigate objectives in n = 302 college women assessed three times over eight months. We controlled for each variable at the previous time point, and concurrent negative affect and body mass index at each time point. Results: Time 1 (T1) fasting predicted elevated negative urgency three months later at Time 2 (T2) and T2 negative urgency predicted increases in binge eating five months later at Time 3 (T3). T2 negative urgency mediated the relationship between T1 fasting and T3 binge eating. T1 negative urgency predicted increases in T2 fasting, which then predicted increases in T3 binge eating. T2 fasting mediated the relationship between T1 negative urgency and T3 binge eating. Discussion: Findings suggest fasting and negative urgency transact to predict binge eating among college women. Interventions targeting negative urgency may prevent or reduce both fasting and binge eating.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107113
StatePublished - Jan 1 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd


  • Binge eating
  • Eating disorders
  • Fasting
  • Longitudinal
  • Negative affect
  • Negative urgency
  • Personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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