Loss of laterality in chronic cocaine users: An fMRI investigation of sensorimotor control

Colleen A. Hanlon, Michael J. Wesley, Alicia J. Roth, Mack D. Miller, Linda J. Porrino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Movement disturbances are often overlooked consequences of chronic cocaine abuse. The purpose of this study was to systematically investigate sensorimotor performance in chronic cocaine users and characterize changes in brain activity among movement-related regions of interest (ROIs) in these users. Functional magnetic resonance imaging data were collected from 14 chronic cocaine users and 15 age- and gender-matched controls. All participants performed a sequential finger-tapping task with their dominant, right hand interleaved with blocks of rest. For each participant, percent signal change from rest was calculated for seven movement-related ROIs in both the left and right hemisphere. Cocaine users had significantly longer reaction times and higher error rates than controls. Whereas the controls used a left-sided network of motor-related brain areas to perform the task, cocaine users activated a less lateralized pattern of brain activity. Users had significantly more activity in the ipsilateral (right) motor and premotor cortical areas, anterior cingulate cortex and the putamen than controls. These data demonstrate that, in addition to the cognitive and affective consequences of chronic cocaine abuse, there are also pronounced alterations in sensorimotor control in these individuals, which are associated with functional alterations throughout movement-related neural networks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-23
Number of pages9
JournalPsychiatry Research - Neuroimaging
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 30 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Institute of Drug Abuse grants DA021456 (CAH), DA020074 (LJP), and DA06634 (LJP). The authors thank TJRB and HRS for their comments on this manuscript and Marla Torrence for her assistance in recruitment and processing of the participants. The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.


  • Laterality
  • Motor control
  • Neural networks
  • Neuroimaging
  • Substance abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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