Objective: Real-time monitoring of nanoparticle delivery in biological models is essential to optimize nanoparticle-mediated therapies. However, few techniques are available for convenient real-time monitoring of nanoparticle concentrations in tissue samples. This work reported novel optical spectroscopic approaches for low-cost point-of-care real-time quantification of nanoparticle concentrations in biological tissue samples. Methods: Fiber probe measured diffuse reflectance can be described with a simple analytical model by introducing an explicit dependence on the reduced scattering coefficient. Relying on this, the changes on the inverse of diffuse reflectance are proportional to absorption change when the scattering perturbation is negligible. We developed this model with proper wavelength pairs and implemented it with both a standard optical spectroscopy platform and a low-cost compact spectroscopy device for near real-time quantification of nanoparticle concentrations in biological tissue models. Results: Both tissue-mimicking phantom and ex vivo tissue sample studies showed that our optical spectroscopic techniques could quantify nanoparticle concentrations in near real-time with high accuracies (less than 5% error) using only a pair of narrow wavelengths (530 nm and 630 nm). Conclusion: Novel low-cost point-of-care optical spectroscopic techniques were demonstrated for rapid accurate quantification of nanoparticle concentrations in tissue-mimicking medium and ex vivo tissue samples using optical signals measured at a pair of narrow wavelengths. Significance: Our methods will potentially facilitate real-time monitoring of nanoparticle delivery in biological models using low-cost point-of-care optical spectroscopy platforms, which will significantly advance nanomedicine in cancer research.
|Journal||IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics|
|State||Published - 2023|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 1995-2012 IEEE.
- Optical spectroscopy
- biomedical optical imaging
- optical sensors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering