Low-temperature magnetization study of U6X (X=Mn,Fe,Co,Ni) compounds

L. E. DeLong, R. P. Guertin, S. Hasanain, T. Fariss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Magnetization and susceptibility measurements have been performed on U6Fe and U6Co at temperatures 4 KT290 K and applied magnetic fields 10-2 TH5 T. Low-temperature magnetization measurements at H=10-2 T were also made on U6Mn, U6Ni, and U6Mn0.5Co0.5. All of these materials have strongly paramagnetic, weakly-temperature-dependent susceptibilities at T290 K. Low-field magnetization and metallography results provide information concerning the nature of small concentrations of ferromagnetic impurity phases found in all of the samples studied. An analysis of the data with use of paramagnon models implies that all of the U6X compounds are strongly-exchange-enhanced paramagnets. Recent Fermi-liquid models are discussed in relation to predictions of p-wave superconductivity, exchange-enhanced paramagnetism, and electron localization in heavy-fermion systems. An empirical correlation is examined between the ratio of the total magnetic susceptibility to the electronic specific heat and the occurrence of either superconductivity or ferromagnetism for a broad class of metallic solids. The correlation suggests that the U6X compounds are near the boundary between superconducting and ferromagnetic ground states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7059-7076
Number of pages18
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Low-temperature magnetization study of U6X (X=Mn,Fe,Co,Ni) compounds'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this