Exposure of newborn mice to hyperoxia arrests lung development, with resultant pathological characteristics similar to bronchopulmonary dysplasia in infants born prematurely. We tested the hypothesis that aberrations in lung development caused by 14 days of sublethal hyperoxia would be reversed during 14 days of recovery to room air (RA) when the concentration of oxygen exposure was weaned gradually. Newborn FVB mice were exposed to 85% oxygen or RA for 14 days. Weaning from hyperoxia was by either transfer directly into RA or a decrease in the concentration of oxygen by 10% per days. At 28 days, pups were euthanized, and the lungs were inflation fixed and assessed. At postnatal day 28, lungs of mice weaned abruptly from hyperoxia had fewer (6 ± 0.6 versus 10 ± 0.7; P < 0.001) alveoli per high-powered field and larger alveoli (4050 ± 207 versus 2305 ± 182 μm2) than animals weaned gradually; both hyperoxia-exposed groups were different from lungs obtained from air-breathing controls (20 ± 0.5 alveoli per high-powered field; P < 0.001). The results are consistent with the absence of catch-up alveolarization in this model and indicate that the long-term consequences of early exposures to hyperoxia merit closer examination. The effects of abrupt weaning to RA observed further suggest that weaning should be considered in experimental models of newborn exposure to hyperoxia.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||American Journal of Pathology|
|State||Published - Apr 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine