Lysyl hydroxylase 2 mediated collagen post-translational modifications and functional outcomes

Masahiko Terajima, Yuki Taga, Tomoyuki Nakamura, Hou Fu Guo, Yukako Kayashima, Nobuyo Maeda-Smithies, Kshitij Parag-Sharma, Jeong Seon Kim, Antonio L. Amelio, Kazunori Mizuno, Jonathan M. Kurie, Mitsuo Yamauchi

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8 Scopus citations


Lysyl hydroxylase 2 (LH2) is a member of LH family that catalyzes the hydroxylation of lysine (Lys) residues on collagen, and this particular isozyme has been implicated in various diseases. While its function as a telopeptidyl LH is generally accepted, several fundamental questions remain unanswered: 1. Does LH2 catalyze the hydroxylation of all telopeptidyl Lys residues of collagen? 2. Is LH2 involved in the helical Lys hydroxylation? 3. What are the functional consequences when LH2 is completely absent? To answer these questions, we generated LH2-null MC3T3 cells (LH2KO), and extensively characterized the type I collagen phenotypes in comparison with controls. Cross-link analysis demonstrated that the hydroxylysine-aldehyde (Hylald)-derived cross-links were completely absent from LH2KO collagen with concomitant increases in the Lysald-derived cross-links. Mass spectrometric analysis revealed that, in LH2KO type I collagen, telopeptidyl Lys hydroxylation was completely abolished at all sites while helical Lys hydroxylation was slightly diminished in a site-specific manner. Moreover, di-glycosylated Hyl was diminished at the expense of mono-glycosylated Hyl. LH2KO collagen was highly soluble and digestible, fibril diameters were diminished, and mineralization impaired when compared to controls. Together, these data underscore the critical role of LH2-catalyzed collagen modifications in collagen stability, organization and mineralization in MC3T3 cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14256
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022

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