Machine assisted manual torch operation in gas tungsten arc welding process

Ning Huang, Shu Jun Chen, Yu Ming Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Skills possessed by human welders typically require a long time to develop. Especially, maintaining the torch to travel in desired speed is challenging. In this paper, a feedback control system is designed and implemented to assist the welder to adjust the torch movement for the desired speed in manual gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) process. To this end, an innovative helmet based manual welding platform is proposed and developed. In this system, vibrators are installed on the helmet to generate vibration sounds to instruct the welder to speed or slow down the torch movement. The torch movement is monitored by a leap motion sensor. The torch speed is used as the feedback for the control algorithm to determine how to change the vibrations. To design the control algorithm, dynamic experiments are conducted to correlate the arm movement (torch speed) to the vibration control signal. Linear model is firstly identified using standard least squares method, and the model is analyzed. A nonlinear Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) model is then proposed to improve the modeling performance. The resultant nonlinear ANFIS model can estimate the welder's response on the welding speed with acceptable accuracy. Based on the response model, a PID control algorithm has been designed and implemented to control the welder arm movement for desired torch speed. Experiments verified the effectiveness of the system for the desired speed with acceptable accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIM 2015 - 2015 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781467391078
StatePublished - Aug 25 2015
EventIEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, AIM 2015 - Busan, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Jul 7 2015Jul 11 2015

Publication series

NameIEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, AIM


ConferenceIEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics, AIM 2015
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 IEEE.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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