The suppressive effect of Toxoplasma infection on initiation of memory cells to dinitrophenylated keyhole limpet hemocyanin (DNP-KLH) was drastically different among inbred strains of mice. C57BL/6 (B6), C57BL/10 (B10), and SJL mice showed markedly suppressed secondary anti-DNP responses when infected. In contrast, the suppression did not occur in BALB/c mice. The infected DBA/2 and C3H/He mice produced moderately suppressed responses. In B6 mice, an injection with 1 × 102 organisms of T. gondii induced a suppressed elicitation of the memory cells to DNP-KLH. However, in BALB/c mice, the responses were not affected even by inoculation with 1 × 104 organisms. The difference in the suppressive effect of infection between B6 and BALB/c mice was also observed in the primary anti-DNP antibody responses to DNP-KLH. Both H-2-linked and -nonlinked genes appeared to be responsible for the regulation of the immunosuppression, since the suppressive effect of infection in B10.D2 mice, which have the B10 background and the same H-2 haplotype as BALB/c, was weaker than that of B10 mice, but stronger than in BALB/c mice. In vitro studies using a primary antisheep erythrocytes (SRBC) antibody response system demonstrated that the activation of plastic-adherent suppressor cells by Toxoplasma infection, in which suppressor macrophages have been proved to be the responsible cells for the suppressive activity, was controlled by both H-2-linked and -nonlinked genes.
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Apr 1 1985|
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