Shape Memory Alloys (SMA) have unique characteristics to memorize their original structure and retain them when activated by heat or stress, however, there still much to be done in terms of fatigue life and phase modifiability. In this project, we propose a tunable treatment method using shockwaves created by nanosecond and picosecond pulsed lasers assisted with magnetic field to create 3-D structures on NiTi SMA. When the laser pulse hits the surface, its energy is partially absorbed, which ablates the surface resulting a plasma plume. By confining the plasma using dielectric medium and magnetic field, the shockwave is tuned for vertical transfer of the pressure gradient on the surface. Optical profilometer and SEM results confirm that the shockwave pressure became uniform when magnetic field was used. The less heat affected zones on the crater, and equal depth across the crater indicates a stable surface morphology due to magnetic field. Moreover, Shape-memory properties were also investigated with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements of NiTi samples, and the results indicate significant phase broadening, reaching up to 33% from the initial, and shifts in austenitic and martensitic phases of 5 °C. The tunability of the shockwave using magnetic field and water confinement expands the usage in treatment and imprinting of SMAs for biomedical and industrial applications.
|Title of host publication||Laser-based Micro- and Nanoprocessing XVI|
|Editors||Akira Watanabe, Rainer Kling|
|State||Published - 2022|
|Event||Laser-based Micro- and Nanoprocessing XVI 2022 - Virtual, Online|
Duration: Feb 20 2022 → Feb 24 2022
|Name||Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering|
|Conference||Laser-based Micro- and Nanoprocessing XVI 2022|
|Period||2/20/22 → 2/24/22|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This project was funded by NSF EPSCoR RII Track-1 (OIA-1849213).
Copyright © 2022 SPIE.
- 3-D imprinting
- Laser Shock Peening
- Laser Shockwaves
- Magnetic fields
- Shape Memory Alloys
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Computer Science Applications
- Applied Mathematics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering