Over 70% of older adults report chronic or acute pain, and pain threatens affective wellbeing. The strategies older adults use to maintain affective wellbeing following acute pain remain unknown. Specific strategies that can be used to manage pain include recalling, recognizing, and responding to positive stimuli and prioritizing close over knowledgeable social partners. The study tested whether older adults used positivity-enhancing strategies and maintained affective wellbeing following acute pain better than younger adults. Fifty older (ages 65–85) and 50 younger (ages 18–30) pain-free adults experienced a control and a pain condition and were given the chance to employ positivity-enhancing strategies. Older and younger adults similarly used positivity-enhancing strategies following pain. Younger adults demonstrated reduced preference for knowledgeable social partners after experiencing pain. Pain-related affective changes were similar between age groups. Older and younger adults may cope with acute pain similarly, highlighting future directions for exploring age differences in pain coping.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Behavioral Medicine
|Published - Oct 1 2019
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health (Grant Numbers F31AG048692, K02-033629) and the American Psychological Association (Dissertation Award). The authors would like to thank Charles Carlson for feedback on important aspects of study design and Lawrence Gottlob for assistance with analyzing and interpreting results from the cognitive tasks.
© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
- Executive function
- Heart rate variability
- Socioemotional selectivity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychology (all)
- Psychiatry and Mental health