A 12-year-old Arabian gelding was presented for severe, rapid weight loss and polyuria. Physical examination revealed a body condition score of 1/9 with severe muscle wasting, moderate tachycardia, profound hyperglycaemia and hypertriglyceridaemia. The horse's clinical condition deteriorated rapidly resulting in euthanasia 16 h following admission. Post-mortem examination revealed multifocal nests of neoplastic endocrine cells within the liver which had immuno-positive glucagon reactivity. Based on the combination of cachexia, marked hyperglycaemia and glucagon-positive neoplastic cells, a diagnosis of malignant glucagonoma, which was presumed to be functional, was made. This is the first case of malignant glucagonoma to be reported in horses.
|Journal||Equine Veterinary Education|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2020|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2019 EVJ Ltd
- endocrine neoplasia
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