Mammography surveillance following breast cancer

Berta M. Geller, Karla Kerlikowske, Patricia A. Carney, Linn A. Abraham, Bonnie C. Yankaskas, Stephen H. Taplin, Rachel Ballard-Barbash, Mark B. Dignan, Robert Rosenberg, Nicole Urban, William E. Barlow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Background. To describe when women diagnosed with breast cancer return for their first mammography, and to identify factors predictive of women returning for mammographic surveillance. Methods. Women who underwent mammography at facilities participating in the National Cancer Institute's Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium (BCSC) during 1996 and who were subsequently diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ or invasive breast cancer were included in this study. Data from seven mammography registries were linked to population-based cancer and pathology registries. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to depict the number of months from the breast cancer diagnosis to the first mammogram within the defined follow-up period. Demographic, disease and treatment variables were included in univariate and multivariate analyses to identify factors predictive of women returning for mammography. Results. Of the 2503 women diagnosed with breast cancer, 78.1% returned for mammography examination between 7 and 30 months following the diagnosis. Mammography facilities indicated that 66.8% of mammography examinations were classified as screening. Multivariate analyses found that women were most likely to undergo surveillance mammography if they were diagnosed at ages 60-69 with Stage 0, I or II breast cancer and had received radiation therapy in addition to surgery. Conclusions. While the majority of women return for mammographic surveillance following breast cancer, some important subgroups of women at higher risk for recurrence are less likely to return. Research is needed to determine why some women are not undergoing mammography surveillance after a breast cancer diagnosis and whether surveillance increases the chance of detecting tumors with a good prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-115
Number of pages9
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 2003

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by cooperative agreements UO1CA63731, UO1CA63736, UO1CA63740, UO1CA69976, UO1CA70013, UO1CA70040, UO1CA86076, and UO1CA86082 from the National Cancer Institute, as part of the NCI’s Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium, and by RO1CA63146.


  • Breast cancer
  • Mammography
  • Recurrence
  • Screening
  • Surveillance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


Dive into the research topics of 'Mammography surveillance following breast cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this