Managing stressors online and offline: LGBTQ+ Youth in the Southern United States

M. Alex Wagaman, Keith J. Watts, Vee Lamneck, Sandra A. D'Souza, Lauren B. McInroy, Andrew D. Eaton, Shelley Craig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


LGBTQ+ youth experience negative health and wellbeing outcomes resulting from the stress of marginalization and unsupportive environments. Further, access to LGBTQ+ community resources often vary based on geographical factors. Previous research has focused on the risks of online spaces for LGBTQ+ youth, and has perceived offline environments as a primary source of community and social support. This study explored the role of offline and online social supports on the relationship between environmental factors and LGBTQ+ esteem for LGBTQ+ youth in the southern United States, a region that has historically been under-resourced. Findings suggest that the online LGBTQ+-specific social support youth in this sample received significantly moderated the impact of LGBTQ-specific stressors on LGBTQ+ esteem, and offline social support was not a significant moderator. Researchers and practitioners should explore the value of online spaces for youth who may not have access to the same level and kind of offline resources needed to promote coping and resilience as compared to youth in communities with high resource density.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104799
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd


  • Online
  • Support
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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