Market forces and sex discrimination

Judith K. Hellerstein, David Neumark, Kenneth R. Troske

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

99 Scopus citations


We report new evidence on the existence of sex discrimination in wages and whether competitive market forces reduce or eliminate discrimination, based on plant- and firm-level data on profitability, growth and ownership changes, product market power, and workforce sex composition. Our strongest finding is that among plants with high levels of product market power, those employing more women are more profitable, consistent with sex discrimination in the short run when plants have product market power. We do not find that these discriminatory employers are punished over time through lower growth, or are bought out by nondiscriminators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-380
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Human Resources
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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