Marriage amendments and lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals in the 2006 election

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


More than half of U.S. states have passed amendments to their constitutions excluding samesex couples from civil marriage. The impact of these ballot initiatives and debates on lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals has been underresearched. Extending research on racial and ethnic minority groups, as well as research on LGB groups, the study discussed in this article hypothesized that LGB individuals would encounter more negative messages, be at risk for negative psychological effects, and increase their political activities, including voting, during elections with marriage amendments on the ballot. A national cross-sectional online survey of 1,824 LGB participants conducted postelection in November 2006 confirmed these hypotheses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-89
Number of pages10
JournalSexuality Research and Social Policy
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009


  • Depression
  • LGB
  • Media
  • Minority stress
  • Voting behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science


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