Objective: Previous studies demonstrated that deficiency of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) augmented angiotensin II (AngII)-induced atherosclerosis and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation in hypercholesterolemic mice. Effects of ACE2 deficiency could arise from increased concentrations of its substrate, AngII, or decreased concentrations of its product, angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)]. Infusion of Ang-(1-7), a Mas receptor (MasR) ligand, to hypercholesterolemic male mice reduced AngII-induced atherosclerosis, suggesting a protective role of the Ang-(1-7)/MasR axis. However, it is unclear whether endogenous Ang-(1-7) acts at MasR to influence AngII-induced vascular diseases. The purpose of this study was to define the role of MasR deficiency in AngII-induced atherosclerosis and AAA formation and severity in hypercholesterolemic male mice. Methods: MasR+/+ and MasR−/− male mice on a low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient (Ldlr−/−) or apolipoprotein E-deficient (Apoe−/−) background were infused with AngII at either 600 or 1000 ng/kg/min by osmotic minipump for 28 days. Atherosclerosis was quantified at study end point as percentage lesion surface area of the aortic arch in Ldlr−/− mice. Abdominal aortic internal diameters were quantified by ultrasound, and maximal external AAA diameters were quantified at study end point. Blood pressure was quantified by radiotelemetry and a tail cuff-based technique. Serum cholesterol concentrations and vascular tissue characterization were examined at study end point. Results: MasR deficiency did not influence body weight, systolic blood pressure at baseline and during AngII infusion, or serum cholesterol concentrations in either Apoe−/− or Ldlr−/− mice. MasR deficiency increased AngII-induced atherosclerosis in aortic arches of Ldlr−/− mice (P < .05), associated with increased oxidative stress and apoptosis in aortic root sections (P < .05). MasR deficiency also augmented internal and external AAA diameters and increased aortic ruptures of both Ldlr−/− and Apoe−/− mice (P < .05). These effects were associated with increased elastin breaks and T-lymphocyte and macrophage accumulation into abdominal aortas of AngII-infused MasR-deficient mice (P < .05). Conclusions: These results demonstrate that MasR deficiency augmented AngII-induced atherosclerosis and AAA rupture through mechanisms involving increased oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis, suggesting that MasR activation may provide therapeutic efficacy against vascular diseases. Clinical Relevance: Results from this study suggest a novel mode of intervening in the renin-angiotensin system to treat vascular diseases, namely, by activating Mas receptor (MasR) as the protective arm of the system. Our results demonstrate that when Mas receptors are absent, angiotensin II-induced atherosclerosis and abdominal aortic aneurysms are exacerbated. These results suggest that the endogenous ligand of MasR, angiotensin-(1-7), acts at MasR to counterbalance vascular disease-promoting effects of angiotensin II. Because the development of atherosclerosis and severity of abdominal aortic aneurysms were augmented by MasR deficiency, these results suggest that activation of the MasR pathway may reduce the progressive growth of these dangerous vascular diseases.
|Journal||Journal of Vascular Surgery|
|State||Published - Nov 2019|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
L.A.C. received research support from the National Institutes of Health (HL107326). L.C.R., J.S., and G.Y. are supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Grant IRTG1902). The editors and reviewers of this article have no relevant financial relationships to disclose per the JVS policy that requires reviewers to decline review of any manuscript for which they may have a conflict of interest.
© 2019 Society for Vascular Surgery
- Mas receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine