Maximizing therapy in the advanced heart failure patient.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Heart failure is a common clinical syndrome in which left ventricular dysfunction results in vasoconstriction, volume overload, activity intolerance, reduced quality of life, and high mortality. Recognition of the role of neurohormonal activation in the progression of heart failure has led to more effective treatment. Integral to optimal treatment of heart failure is maximization of both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapy. This article presents information important to maximizing both types of therapy in the advanced heart failure patient. The importance of effective patient and family education is emphasized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-46
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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