Mean-scatterer spacing estimates with spectral correlation

Tomy Varghese, Kevin D. Donohue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


An ultrasonic backscattered signal from material comprised of quasiperiodic scatterers exhibit redundancy over both its phase and magnitude spectra. This paper addresses the problem of estimating mean-scatterer spacing from the backscattered ultrasound signal using spectral redundancy characterized by the spectral autocorrelation (SAC) function. Mean-scatterer spacing estimates are compared for techniques that use the cepstrum and the SAC function. A-scan models consist of a collection of regular scatterers with Gamma distributed spacings embedded in diffuse scatterers with uniform distributed spacings. The model accounts for attenuation by convolving the frequency dependent scattering centers with a time-varying system response. Simulation results indicate that SAC-based estimates converge more reliably over smaller amounts of data than cepstrum-based estimates. A major reason for the performance advantage is the use of phase information by the SAC function, while the cepstrum uses a phaseless power spectral density that is directly affected by the system response and the presence of diffuse scattering (speckle). An example of estimating the mean-scatterer spacing in liver tissue also is presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3504-3515
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


Dive into the research topics of 'Mean-scatterer spacing estimates with spectral correlation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this