Measurement of Postdischarge Nausea and Vomiting for Ambulatory Surgery Patients: A Critical Review and Analysis

Jan Odom-Forren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Approximately one-third of patients experience nausea and vomiting after discharge from ambulatory surgery settings, yet there have been no clear and definitive instruments used to measure it. A critical review and analysis of the measurement of postdischarge nausea and vomiting was conducted. Twenty-eight articles met the inclusion criteria. Four studies (14.3%) used instruments with documented reliability and validity. Telephone calls were used in 21 (76%) studies to interview patients, and seven studies (25%) used a mail-in investigator-developed diary or questionnaire. Most studies (22) obtained data at 48 hours; 13 of those obtained data exclusively at 24 hours. Definitions, measurement, and clinical outcomes were defined differently in each study. Of the instruments examined, the Ambulatory Surgery Inventory of Nausea, Vomiting, and Retching and Functional Living Index-Emesis provide the possibility for outcome standardization. Although both instruments possess strengths, more study is needed to advance the measurement of nausea and vomiting in the postdischarge ambulatory surgery patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-383
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Perianesthesia Nursing
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This article was part of a dissertation study funded by the University of California, San Francisco, CA .


  • Measurement
  • Nausea
  • PDNV
  • Post discharge nausea and vomiting
  • Review
  • Vomiting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medical–Surgical


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