Measurement of the anomalous precession frequency of the muon in the Fermilab Muon g-2 Experiment

T. Albahri, A. Anastasi, A. Anisenkov, K. Badgley, S. Baeßler, I. Bailey, V. A. Baranov, E. Barlas-Yucel, T. Barrett, A. Basti, F. Bedeschi, M. Berz, M. Bhattacharya, H. P. Binney, P. Bloom, J. Bono, E. Bottalico, T. Bowcock, G. Cantatore, R. M. CareyB. C.K. Casey, D. Cauz, R. Chakraborty, S. P. Chang, A. Chapelain, S. Charity, R. Chislett, J. Choi, Z. Chu, T. E. Chupp, S. Corrodi, L. Cotrozzi, J. D. Crnkovic, S. Dabagov, P. T. Debevec, S. Di Falco, P. Di Meo, G. Di Sciascio, R. Di Stefano, A. Driutti, V. N. Duginov, M. Eads, J. Esquivel, M. Farooq, R. Fatemi, C. Ferrari, M. Fertl, A. T. Fienberg, A. Fioretti, D. Flay, E. FrleŽ, N. S. Froemming, J. Fry, C. Gabbanini, M. D. Galati, S. Ganguly, A. Garcia, J. George, L. K. Gibbons, A. Gioiosa, K. L. Giovanetti, P. Girotti, W. Gohn, T. Gorringe, J. Grange, S. Grant, F. Gray, S. Haciomeroglu, T. Halewood-Leagas, D. Hampai, F. Han, J. Hempstead, A. T. Herrod, D. W. Hertzog, G. Hesketh, A. Hibbert, Z. Hodge, J. L. Holzbauer, K. W. Hong, R. Hong, M. Iacovacci, M. Incagli, P. Kammel, M. Kargiantoulakis, M. Karuza, J. Kaspar, D. Kawall, L. Kelton, A. Keshavarzi, D. Kessler, K. S. Khaw, Z. Khechadoorian, N. V. Khomutov, B. Kiburg, M. Kiburg, O. Kim, Y. I. Kim, B. King, N. Kinnaird, E. Kraegeloh, A. Kuchibhotla, N. A. Kuchinskiy, K. R. Labe, J. Labounty, M. Lancaster, M. J. Lee, S. Lee, S. Leo, B. Li, D. Li, L. Li, I. Logashenko, A. Lorente Campos, A. Lucà, G. Lukicov, A. Lusiani, A. L. Lyon, B. Maccoy, R. Madrak, K. Makino, F. Marignetti, S. Mastroianni, J. P. Miller, S. Miozzi, W. M. Morse, J. Mott, A. Nath, H. Nguyen, R. Osofsky, S. Park, G. Pauletta, G. M. Piacentino, R. N. Pilato, K. T. Pitts, B. Plaster, D. Počanić, N. Pohlman, C. C. Polly, J. Price, B. Quinn, N. Raha, S. Ramachandran, E. Ramberg, J. L. Ritchie, B. L. Roberts, D. L. Rubin, L. Santi, C. Schlesier, A. Schreckenberger, Y. K. Semertzidis, D. Shemyakin, M. W. Smith, M. Sorbara, D. Stöckinger, J. Stapleton, C. Stoughton, D. Stratakis, T. Stuttard, H. E. Swanson, G. Sweetmore, D. A. Sweigart, M. J. Syphers, D. A. Tarazona, T. Teubner, A. E. Tewsley-Booth, K. Thomson, V. Tishchenko, N. H. Tran, W. Turner, E. Valetov, D. Vasilkova, G. Venanzoni, T. Walton, A. Weisskopf, L. Welty-Rieger, P. Winter, A. Wolski, W. Wu

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72 Scopus citations


The Muon g-2 Experiment at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) has measured the muon anomalous precession frequency ωam to an uncertainty of 434 parts per billion (ppb), statistical, and 56 ppb, systematic, with data collected in four storage ring configurations during its first physics run in 2018. When combined with a precision measurement of the magnetic field of the experiment's muon storage ring, the precession frequency measurement determines a muon magnetic anomaly of aμ(FNAL)=116 592 040(54)×10-11 (0.46 ppm). This article describes the multiple techniques employed in the reconstruction, analysis, and fitting of the data to measure the precession frequency. It also presents the averaging of the results from the 11 separate determinations of ωam, and the systematic uncertainties on the result.

Original languageEnglish
Article number072002
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 7 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank the Fermilab management and staff for their strong support of this experiment, as well as the tremendous support from our university and national laboratory engineers, technicians, and workshops. The Muon Experiment was performed at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, a U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, HEP User Facility. Fermilab is managed by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC (FRA), acting under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359. Additional support for the experiment was provided by the Department of Energy offices of High Energy Physics and Nuclear Physics (USA), the National Science Foundation (USA), the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy), the Science and Technology Facilities Council (UK), the Royal Society (UK), the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Grant Agreements No. 690835 and No. 734303, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants No. 11975153 and No. 12075151), MSIP, NRF, and IBS-R017-D1 (Republic of Korea), and the German Research Foundation (DFG) through the Cluster of Excellence (EXC 2118/1, Project ID 39083149).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 authors. Published by the American Physical Society. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the ""Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI. Funded by SCOAP3.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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