Measuring environmental/biological attribution: A fundamental dimension?

Brian T. Gold, Michael Ziegler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Explanations for behaviors that emphasize the importance of biological or environmental factors have been a major theme in psychological discourse, yet they have not been adequately explored as attributional styles with distinct correlates. The present two studies examined this dimension of attribution through the systematic development and validation of the Environmental/Biological Attribution Scale (EBAS). A total of 602 Canadian university students took part in the research project. The research confirmed four hypotheses: Biologically oriented attributional styles were significantly correlated with the same styles as measured by an alternate form (r =.76), with authoritarianism (r =.25), and with racism (r =.15). Environmentally oriented attributional styles were significantly correlated with attributions concerning the importance of strength of will (r =.39).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)837-845
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Social Psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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