Measuring integrity and fidelity of program implementation: Validating an instrument designed for school renewal

Xin Ma, Jianping Shen, Patricia Reeves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


In this study, we attempted to explore with instrumentation that could provide a good means to measure integrity and fidelity of program implementation. The instrument, High Integrity and Fidelity Implementation for School Renewal, was created using a comprehensive review of the literature to provide insights into the implementation integrity and fidelity when principals renew a school. Data from 1097 teachers were used to examine the instrument for construct validity by means of factorial validity and convergent validity. We used confirmatory factor analysis to compared five factorial structures of the instrument, resulting in the identification of a four-factor structure (coming from the comprehensive review of the literature) as the best fitting structure to the data. Strong convergent validity of the instrument was confirmed by correlating the instrument with a psychometrically established instrument measuring a similar construct. Finally, McDonald's Omega indicated strong internal consistency of the instrument in our reliability analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102341
JournalEvaluation and Program Planning
StatePublished - Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd


  • Fidelity of Implementation
  • Integrity of Implementation
  • Program Implementation
  • School Renewal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Social Psychology
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Strategy and Management
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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