Mechanical property evaluation of electroplated high aspect ratio microstructures

L. S. Stephens, K. W. Kelly, E. I. Meletis, S. Simhadri

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


High aspect ratio microstructures (HARMs) with a height of hundreds of micrometers and a width of a few tens of micrometers present high promise in a number of challenging fields. At LSU, a number of applications are being developed in which nickel HARMs are electroplated on metal surfaces (mold insert fabrication for the LIGA process, HARMs on mechanical seal faces, HARMs on heat exchange surfaces, etc.). In some of these applications, the HARMs are subjected to high stresses and the mechanical properties are particularly important. These properties can be used to adjust processing parameters to optimize properties of the HARMS. This paper presents a method for measuring the strength properties of cantilevered nickel HARMs constructed by LIGA. Experimentally measured values are reported for modulus of rupture (1280 MPa), Youngs modulus (153 GPa) and Knoop hardness (500 Hk) for HARMs with an overplated base. SEM micrographs clearly indicate that failure of the beams is brittle and most frequently occurs at the interface of the beam and overplated base.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-178
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
StatePublished - 1998
EventProceedings of the 1998 MRS Spring Symposium - San Francisco, CA, USA
Duration: Apr 15 1998Apr 16 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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