Mental health and dangerousness: Characteristics and outcomes of children and adolescents in residential placements

John S. Lyons, Katherine Schaefer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Violence has been identified as a significant risk behavior among children and adolescents. Dangerousness is a factor in psychiatric hospitalizations and out-of-community placements. However, there is only a small amount of research that has investigated the mental health co-morbidities and treatment outcomes of violent children and adolescents. A random sample of children and adolescents in residential placements through the State of Florida's child welfare system were studied. Cases were classified into three levels of dangerousness. Results indicated that dangerousness was associated with much elevated mental health co-morbidity. Also, cases who were dangerous at the time of admission had less developed peer and moral/spiritual strengths than did other cases. Although dangerous cases had worse dispositional outcomes, there was strong evidence that these cases derived the most clinical benefit from residential treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-73
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Dangerousness
  • Mental health co-morbidity
  • Residential placements
  • Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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