Mental health case management: Characteristics, job function, and occupational stress

Joseph G. Hromco, John S. Lyons, Robert E. Nikkel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Although case management is an important component of treatment for persons with major mental illnesses, little is known about who works in case management, what functions are performed and how much occupational stress case managers experience. Mental health case managers (CM's) throughout the state of Oregon (N=216) completed an inventory of case management functions and the job dissatisfaction and occupational stress scales of the Medical Personnel Stress Survey-Revised. The average expected tenure for a CM was 11 years, although one fifth expect to be a CM for four years or less. CM's spend 36% of their time performing administrative tasks, 20% in therapy, 17% with skills training, and 18% in case coordination tasks. CM level of education was associated with a different distribution of effort across case management functions. Greater job dissatisfaction was associated with specialized training, larger case load size and greater intention to leave the position. Consumer CM's demonstrated equivalent levels of job satisfaction as their non-consumer colleagues. The relevance of the project's findings for human resource management are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-125
Number of pages15
JournalCommunity Mental Health Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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