Meta-analysis of soybean yield response to foliar fungicides evaluated from 2005 to 2018 in the United States and Canada

Yuba R. Kandel, Cathi Hunt, Keith Ames, Nicholas Arneson, Carl A. Bradley, Emmanuel Byamukama, Adam Byrne, Martin I. Chilvers, Loren J. Giesler, Jessica Halvorson, David C. Hooker, Nathan M. Kleczewski, Dean K. Malvick, Samuel Markell, Bruce Potter, Wayne Pedersen, Damon L. Smith, Albert U. Tenuta, Darcy E.P. Telenko, Kiersten A. WiseDaren S. Mueller

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Random-effect meta-analyses were performed on data from 240 field trials conducted between 2005 and 2018 across nine U.S. states and Ontario, Canada, to quantify the yield response of soybean after application of foliar fungicides at beginning pod (R3) stage. Meta-analysis showed that the overall mean yield response when fungicide was used compared with not applying a fungicide was 2.7% (110 kg/ha). Moderator variables were also investigated and included fungicide group, growing season, planting date, and base yield, which all significantly influenced the yield response. There was also evidence that precipitation from the time of planting to the R3 growth stage influenced yield when fungicide was used (P = 0.059). Fungicides containing a premix of active ingredients from multiple groups (either two or three ingredients) increased the yield by 3.0% over not applying a fungicide. The highest and lowest yield responses were observed in 2005 and 2007, respectively. Better yield response to fungicides (a 3.0% increase) occurred when soybean crops were planted not later than 21 May and when total precipitation between planting and the R3 application date was above historic averages. Temperatures during the season did not influence the yield response. Yield response to fungicide was higher (a 4.7% increase) in average yield category (no spray control yield 2,878 to 3,758 kg/ha) and then gradually decreased with increasing base yield. Partial economic analyses indicated that use of foliar fungicides is less likely to be profitable when foliar diseases are absent or at low levels.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPlant Disease
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The American Phytopathological Society


  • Disease management
  • Foliar fungicide
  • Meta-analysis
  • Partial economic analysis
  • Yield response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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