Metabolism of Propionate, Glucose, and Carbon Dioxide as Affected by Exogenous Glucose in Dairy Cows at Energy Equilibrium

Donna M. Amaral, J. J. Veenhuizen, J. K. Drackley, M. H. Cooley, A. D. McGilliard, J. W. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


In vivo kinetic techniques were used to quantify changes in metabolism of propionate, glucose, and blood CO2 when glucose was infused intravenously at 0, 342. or 737 g/d into four lactating cows. Neither production of milk or milk fat nor composition of milk was changed. Production of milk protein increased for the high glucose treatment. Isotope dilution data were used lo calculate irreversible losses of rumen propionate, plasma glucose, and blood CO2 and to determine a unique solution for flux of C in this three-pool system. Irreversible losses of propionate and CO2 were not changed. Infusions of glucose increased irreversible loss of glucose in proportion to amounts infused, thus indicating there was no change in endogenous production of glucose. For the control, 52% of the C flux of blood glucose was derived directly from rumen propionate and another 26% came from other gluconeogenic substrates. Flux of C into glucose from exogenous sources increased in proportion to amounts of glucose infused. Flux of C from rumen propionate remained constant. The rate of C leaving the glucose pool, other than as CO2, tended to increase with infusion of glucose, and oxidation of glucose tended to increase for the high glucose treatment. High producing cows adjusted to increased exogenous glucose by increasing glucose utilization and without decreasing endogenous glucose production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1244-1254
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1990


  • dairy cows
  • glucose
  • propionate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics


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